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Funky Trees!

Dev WNP78  1.2 years ago

This post has information useful for those using the 1.9 beta.
Andrew decided to call the new inputs system I cooked up "funky trees". Somehow escapes me why, but I'll roll with it. Here I'll describe what you can do in the land of funk.


First, you can do everything you used to be able to. The new system will only be activated if the input doesn't fit the old system, so all old builds should remain functional.

Inputs

What you can now do is use the normal input axes:

  • Pitch
  • Roll
  • Yaw
  • Throttle
  • Brake
  • Trim
  • VTOL
  • LandingGear
  • FireGuns
  • FireWeapons
  • LaunchCountermeasures
  • Activate1
  • Activate2
  • Activate3
  • Activate4
  • Activate5
  • Activate6
  • Activate7
  • Activate8

Flight data

In addition to this you can access some information from the aircraft:

  • Altitude - Aircraft's altitude in metres
  • AltitudeAgl - Aircraft's altitude above ground level in metres
  • GS - The speed relative to the ground (m/s)
  • IAS - The speed relative to the air, adjusted for the desnity of the air (m/s)
  • TAS - The speed relative to the air (m/s)
  • Fuel - The amount of fuel remaining as a proportion of capacity (0 to 1)
  • AngleOfAttack - The angle of attack (angle airflow vertically meets the boresight) in degrees
  • AngleOfSlip - The horizontal equivalent of angle of attack (degrees)
  • PitchAngle - The pitch of the aircraft (degrees)
  • RollAngle - The roll of the aircraft (degrees)
  • Heading - The heading of the aircraft (degrees)
  • Time - The time since the level loaded (seconds)
  • GForce - The acceleration and gravitational "force" acting on the cockpit in G. I know it's not a force. Shut up.
  • VerticalG - The signed vertical component of the "G Force".
  • SelectedWeaponName - The name of the selected weapon
  • Latitude - The North/South position of the craft (metres)
  • Longitude - The East/West position of the craft (metres)
  • PitchRate - The pitch angular velocity in degrees/second
  • YawRate - The yaw angular velocity in degrees/second
  • RollRate - The roll angular velocity in degrees/second (these 3 inputs are better than using rate(PitchAngle) etc, because they account for wrapping around the angle, as well as being in local space: rate(Heading) is different to YawRate)
  • TargetSelected - true if a target is selected, else false.
  • TargetHeading - the heading to the selected target in degrees.
  • TargetElevation - the vertical angle to the selected target in degrees.
  • TargetDistance - the distance to the selected target in metres.

Constants

Values that are always the same:

  • pi the mathematical constant pi (half a tau, if you will).
  • e the mathematical constant e.
  • true a true boolean value
  • false a false boolean value

Operators

These are useful for... maths or something.

  • Mathematical:

    • +, - addition and subtraction (- can be used as a unary operator, for instance -Pitch

    • *, / multiplication and division

  • Comparison:

    • <, > less than, greater than

    • <=, >= less than or equal to, greater than or equal to

    • ==, != equal to, not equal to

  • Boolean:

    • &, AND

    • |, OR

    • !, NOT (this is a unary operator)

    • Ternary operator: condition ? value_if_true : value_if_false - this chooses between two values based on the condition.

Functions

Finally, there's some helpful functions to do maths for you!

  • abs(x) - The absolute (positive) value of x.
  • ammo(name) - The amount of ammo of the weapon with name. Remember to put the name in &quot; quotes.
  • ceil(x) - x rounded up to an integer.
  • clamp(x, min, max) - x clamped between min and max.
  • clamp01(x) - Equivalent to clamp(x, 0, 1).
  • deltaangle(a, b) - The shortest angle delta between angles a and b in degrees.
  • exp(x) - Returns e raised to the power of x.
  • floor(x) - x rounded down to an integer.
  • inverselerp(a, b, x) - Calculates the linear parameter t that produces the interpolant value within the range [a, b].
  • lerp(a, b, t) - Linearly interpolates between a and b, by a proportion of t.
  • lerpangle(a, b, t) - Similar to lerp, but interpolates correctly when values pass 360 degrees.
  • lerpunclamped(a, b, t) - Similar to lerp, but doesn't clamp the value between a and b.
  • log(x, p) - The logarithm of x in base p.
  • log10(x) - Equivalent to log(x, 10).
  • pingpong(x, l) - "Ping-pongs" the value x so it is never larger than l and never less than 0.
  • max(a, b) - The largest value between a and b.
  • min(a, b) - The smallest value between a and b.
  • pow(x, p) - x raised to the power of p.
  • repeat(x, l) - Loops the value x so it is never larger than l and never less than 0.
  • round(x) - Rounds x to the nearest integer.
  • sign(x) - The sign of x (1 if x positive, -1 if x negative)
  • smoothstep(a, b, t) - Similar to lerp, but with smoothing at the ends.
  • sqrt(x) - The square root of x.
  • sin(x) - The sine of x (degrees)
  • cos(x) - The cosine of x (degrees)
  • tan(x) - The tangent of x (degrees)
  • asin(x) - The arc-sine of x (degrees)
  • acos(x) - The arc-cosine of x (degrees)
  • atan(x) - The arc-tangent of x (degrees)

Memory Functions

These are functions that are special because their output not only depends on inputs but their previous state.
- sum(x) - Returns the sum of all it's inputs over time (the integral of x)
- rate(x) - Returns the rate of change of x relative to its value last frame (the derivative of x)
- smooth(x, t) - When loaded, it's output is set to x. As x changes, the output tries to move to x, but at a rate of no greater than t. This is vaguely equivalent to changing the speed of a rotator.
- PID(target, current, p, i , d) - Evaluates a PID controller with the setpoint of "target", process variable "current" and the gains p, i, and d. Equivalent to: p * (target - current) + i * sum(target - current) - d * rate(current)

With all of these at your disposal, I'm excited to see what kind of contraptions you guys come up with, and I'm also open to some suggestions as to some things that could be added.

-WNP78, your funk master.

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  • Profile image

    Hi! Faced the problem of high frequency noise in the control system at low speeds (about 0-20 kmh). I should make a low pass filter, but I have no idea how to make it. Or is it possible to solve the problem differently? This noise does not really interfere, but rather just annoys with constant twitching of surfaces. Thank you!

    2 days ago
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    @linxiaofeng2339
    not what I am looking for,
    I want it to be specific (negative and positive vectors), but all speed data can't go in the negatives, only calculates the speed, not vector

    (Z+ is forward, Z- is Backward)
    I was planning to use latitude and longitude and heading the get precise Z vectors for all directions

    16 days ago
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    @ProjectVideoGame Input:
    x*(IAS(or TAS or GS)>----?1:0)

    16 days ago
  • Profile image

    @nicolascolissi14 Input:
    Throttle*(Throttle<90?1:0)

    16 days ago
  • Profile image

    @Junkers87 No .

    16 days ago
  • Profile image
    1,175 Egorka2001

    @Dimassas9988 так это и есть страница с документацией. если хочешь понять, что написано, то учи английский

    21 days ago
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    Помогите дайте команды синтаксис и слова для программирования деталей моего самолета

    21 days ago
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    2,954 Mikey101234

    I don’t know how to but you can change the lifespan of said projectile, the time is in seconds, the way I find out the “lifetime” (range) of a weapon is by looking up how fast said ammo is, set that to the weapon(don’t forget to convert measurements),divide the answer by the range of the irl weapon, and then divide it by 60(or something like that) to get the realistic range of a weapon, I did it and I got a lifespan of 17.6904755 seconds at a velocity of 840 m/s@OPaiTaOn

    25 days ago
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    5,518 Creativit

    I'm not sure if this is still open to suggestions, but it says so in the post so here goes: what about a "sensor" part that can collect additional flight data similar to a cockpit block, and have an ID of some sort, then a function to retrieve the data, something like: flightdata(x, y) where x is the flight data you want from the sensor with ID of y. This could open up a variety of new things not possible before, and even create the ability to make user-defined variables.

    +1 one month ago
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    3,193 OPaiTaOn

    how can i make a cannon projectile detonate by proximity? I want to make a flak 88

    +1 one month ago
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    75 Maroon

    @Urocyon (Time = (Wanted time in seconds)) would probably do it.

    Dunno about the actual time of day though

    +1 one month ago
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    10.1k Urocyon

    Is there a way to make lights activate due to time of day?

    +1 2 months ago
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    652 Junkers87

    is there any way to make countermeasure dispensers fire on the fireGuns input?
    if not is there any way to put the guns on the launchCountermeasures input?

    +1 2 months ago
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    1,665 onyx63

    Honestly after playing around quite a bit with your "Funky trees" xml scripting language, i find that it adds a lot to the game. It's possible to create things that are much more advanced than ye old days of putting throttle as a rotor's input.

    As FT stands now it's a really useful tool to calculate trajectories or for very simple condition logic. But i think the one thing it lacks is a reliable way to store information. I have been able to overcome this limit by using canons and other weapons as input and memory devices (by reading their ammo count).

    It would be incredible if you could add a method to store a numerical value somewhere. Either that or some way to use the fire command and select a weapon from FT (that would enable the code to lower values by itself, by shooting multiple times).

    That or some kind of sound block would be an amazing add to this game.

    Anyways thanks for reading and for giving us FT :)

    +8 2 months ago
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    2,396 Macrophage

    As I know Pi Is Equivalent To 3.14159265359 Or simply 3.14.

    +2 2 months ago
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    How do I get the Z(Front and Back) Vector? I wanna make my flying rover very stable during flight, my rover has an x(Anti side Slip) and y(Altitude Hold) vector stabilizers, but I don't have z

    2 months ago
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    Dev WNP78

    @onyx63 sadly that's not a thing at the moment. But if you want to model the spooling of an engine you could try using the smooth(Throttle, function with a time that is an estimate for how long the engine takes to spool. Another approach could be to measure the rate of fuel depletion: rate(-Fuel)however this doesn't seem to provide a very precise result since the fuel depletes in very small steps.

    2 months ago
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    1,665 onyx63

    Is it possible to get information from a component of the plane? Like in the input of an engine i have a specific smoothing function, and a light that reflect the state of the engine (warmup, on, off).
    Something along the lines of :
    (partID.Input) as the value of the function that's inside the input of the part, here a smoothing function.
    with the value of the input of this part?

    2 months ago
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    1,665 onyx63

    WNP78 incredible, a quick response from the dev himself :)
    Thanks for directing me to this doc, it'll come in handy.

    2 months ago
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    Dev WNP78

    @onyx63 it's a language I made from scratch. It doesn't really support code like a scripting language, only "single-line" expressions. There is a nice community made guide here if this post isn't enough.

    2 months ago
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    1,665 onyx63

    sorry to bother you guys, i'm trying to automate parts of my craft and i was wondering if there was a more complete documentation about scripting in SP?

    Like, how i can setup logic in my input (if that do this)...?

    Edit: what scripting langage is this? Is it something that exists outside of SP or did you make it yourselves? Looks like AS3 but i wanna be sure

    2 months ago
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    157 Itzarock

    when i lock on to a target the rotators move to target, but i switch target it goes the away from it. And I realized that the way the cockpit is facing affect where the rotators target. how do I fix this.

    3 months ago
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    So, is there a way to make countermeasures fire as soon as anything gets a lock on you?

    3 months ago
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    3,723 RongahSah

    Aaaaaa this is too much for my brain

    3 months ago
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    1,175 Egorka2001

    @Grey1 https://www.simpleplanes.com/Mods/View/524146/Overload

    +1 3 months ago
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