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FJ-1 fury

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AG-1 arrest hook
AG-2 airbrake
VTOL flaps


North American FJ-1 fury

The North American FJ-1 Fury was the first operational jet aircraft in United States Navy service, and was developed by North American Aviation as the NA-135.[1] The FJ-1 was an early transitional jet of limited success which carried over similar tail surfaces, wing, and canopy derived from the piston-engined P-51D Mustang. The evolution of the design to incorporate swept wings would become the basis for the land-based XP-86 prototype - itself originally designed with a very similar straight-wing planform to the FJ-1 airframe - of the United States Air Force's enormously influential F-86 Sabre, which in turn formed the basis for the Navy's carrier-based North American FJ-2/-3 Fury.

Design and development

Ordered in late 1944 as the XFJ-1 in competition with proposals from Douglas and Vought, the Fury began as a straight-wing, tricycle gear fighter with a single turbojet passing through the fuselage. The wing, empennage, and canopy strongly resembled that of the piston-engined P-51D Mustang, North American Aviation's highly successful World War II fighter, enclosing a relocated cockpit accommodation further forward in relation to the Mustang's design, to ensure good forward pilot visibility for carrier operations.

Operational history

The first flight of the prototype XFJ-1 took place on 11 September 1946, with the first of 30 deliveries beginning in October 1947. Flown by Navy squadron VF-5A, the FJ-1 made the USN's first operational aircraft carrier landing with a jet fighter at sea[N 1] on 10 March 1948 aboard USS Boxer, pioneering US jet-powered carrier operations and underscoring the need for catapult-equipped carriers. The Fury was capable of launching without catapult assistance, but on a crowded flight deck the capability was of limited use. Taking off without a catapult launch limited the FJ-1 to a perilous, slow climb that was considered too risky for normal operations.




General Characteristics

  • Created On iOS
  • Wingspan 35.4ft (10.8m)
  • Length 33.1ft (10.1m)
  • Height 16.6ft (5.0m)
  • Empty Weight 9,837lbs (4,462kg)
  • Loaded Weight 14,908lbs (6,762kg)


  • Power/Weight Ratio 4.522
  • Wing Loading 32.8lbs/ft2 (160.2kg/m2)
  • Wing Area 454.3ft2 (42.2m2)
  • Drag Points 2911


  • Number of Parts 429
  • Control Surfaces 5
  • Performance Cost 1,824