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Funky Trees!

Dev WNP78  1.1 years ago

This post has information useful for those using the 1.9 beta.
Andrew decided to call the new inputs system I cooked up "funky trees". Somehow escapes me why, but I'll roll with it. Here I'll describe what you can do in the land of funk.


First, you can do everything you used to be able to. The new system will only be activated if the input doesn't fit the old system, so all old builds should remain functional.

Inputs

What you can now do is use the normal input axes:

  • Pitch
  • Roll
  • Yaw
  • Throttle
  • Brake
  • Trim
  • VTOL
  • LandingGear
  • FireGuns
  • FireWeapons
  • LaunchCountermeasures
  • Activate1
  • Activate2
  • Activate3
  • Activate4
  • Activate5
  • Activate6
  • Activate7
  • Activate8

Flight data

In addition to this you can access some information from the aircraft:

  • Altitude - Aircraft's altitude in metres
  • AltitudeAgl - Aircraft's altitude above ground level in metres
  • GS - The speed relative to the ground (m/s)
  • IAS - The speed relative to the air, adjusted for the desnity of the air (m/s)
  • TAS - The speed relative to the air (m/s)
  • Fuel - The amount of fuel remaining as a proportion of capacity (0 to 1)
  • AngleOfAttack - The angle of attack (angle airflow vertically meets the boresight) in degrees
  • AngleOfSlip - The horizontal equivalent of angle of attack (degrees)
  • PitchAngle - The pitch of the aircraft (degrees)
  • RollAngle - The roll of the aircraft (degrees)
  • Heading - The heading of the aircraft (degrees)
  • Time - The time since the level loaded (seconds)
  • GForce - The acceleration and gravitational "force" acting on the cockpit in G. I know it's not a force. Shut up.
  • VerticalG - The signed vertical component of the "G Force".
  • SelectedWeaponName - The name of the selected weapon
  • Latitude - The North/South position of the craft (metres)
  • Longitude - The East/West position of the craft (metres)
  • PitchRate - The pitch angular velocity in degrees/second
  • YawRate - The yaw angular velocity in degrees/second
  • RollRate - The roll angular velocity in degrees/second (these 3 inputs are better than using rate(PitchAngle) etc, because they account for wrapping around the angle, as well as being in local space: rate(Heading) is different to YawRate)
  • TargetSelected - true if a target is selected, else false.
  • TargetHeading - the heading to the selected target in degrees.
  • TargetElevation - the vertical angle to the selected target in degrees.
  • TargetDistance - the distance to the selected target in metres.

Constants

Values that are always the same:

  • pi the mathematical constant pi (half a tau, if you will).
  • e the mathematical constant e.
  • true a true boolean value
  • false a false boolean value

Operators

These are useful for... maths or something.

  • Mathematical:

    • +, - addition and subtraction (- can be used as a unary operator, for instance -Pitch

    • *, / multiplication and division

  • Comparison:

    • <, > less than, greater than

    • <=, >= less than or equal to, greater than or equal to

    • ==, != equal to, not equal to

  • Boolean:

    • &, AND

    • |, OR

    • !, NOT (this is a unary operator)

    • Ternary operator: condition ? value_if_true : value_if_false - this chooses between two values based on the condition.

Functions

Finally, there's some helpful functions to do maths for you!

  • abs(x) - The absolute (positive) value of x.
  • ammo(name) - The amount of ammo of the weapon with name. Remember to put the name in &quot; quotes.
  • ceil(x) - x rounded up to an integer.
  • clamp(x, min, max) - x clamped between min and max.
  • clamp01(x) - Equivalent to clamp(x, 0, 1).
  • deltaangle(a, b) - The shortest angle delta between angles a and b in degrees.
  • exp(x) - Returns e raised to the power of x.
  • floor(x) - x rounded down to an integer.
  • inverselerp(a, b, x) - Calculates the linear parameter t that produces the interpolant value within the range [a, b].
  • lerp(a, b, t) - Linearly interpolates between a and b, by a proportion of t.
  • lerpangle(a, b, t) - Similar to lerp, but interpolates correctly when values pass 360 degrees.
  • lerpunclamped(a, b, t) - Similar to lerp, but doesn't clamp the value between a and b.
  • log(x, p) - The logarithm of x in base p.
  • log10(x) - Equivalent to log(x, 10).
  • pingpong(x, l) - "Ping-pongs" the value x so it is never larger than l and never less than 0.
  • max(a, b) - The largest value between a and b.
  • min(a, b) - The smallest value between a and b.
  • pow(x, p) - x raised to the power of p.
  • repeat(x, l) - Loops the value x so it is never larger than l and never less than 0.
  • round(x) - Rounds x to the nearest integer.
  • sign(x) - The sign of x (1 if x positive, -1 if x negative)
  • smoothstep(a, b, t) - Similar to lerp, but with smoothing at the ends.
  • sqrt(x) - The square root of x.
  • sin(x) - The sine of x (degrees)
  • cos(x) - The cosine of x (degrees)
  • tan(x) - The tangent of x (degrees)
  • asin(x) - The arc-sine of x (degrees)
  • acos(x) - The arc-cosine of x (degrees)
  • atan(x) - The arc-tangent of x (degrees)

Memory Functions

These are functions that are special because their output not only depends on inputs but their previous state.
- sum(x) - Returns the sum of all it's inputs over time (the integral of x)
- rate(x) - Returns the rate of change of x relative to its value last frame (the derivative of x)
- smooth(x, t) - When loaded, it's output is set to x. As x changes, the output tries to move to x, but at a rate of no greater than t. This is vaguely equivalent to changing the speed of a rotator.
- PID(target, current, p, i , d) - Evaluates a PID controller with the setpoint of "target", process variable "current" and the gains p, i, and d. Equivalent to: p * (target - current) + i * sum(target - current) - d * rate(current)

With all of these at your disposal, I'm excited to see what kind of contraptions you guys come up with, and I'm also open to some suggestions as to some things that could be added.

-WNP78, your funk master.

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  • Profile image
    5,396 Creativit

    I'm not sure if this is still open to suggestions, but it says so in the post so here goes: what about a "sensor" part that can collect additional flight data similar to a cockpit block, and have an ID of some sort, then a function to retrieve the data, something like: flightdata(x, y) where x is the flight data you want from the sensor with ID of y. This could open up a variety of new things not possible before, and even create the ability to make user-defined variables.

    +1 7 days ago
  • Profile image
    3,172 OPaiTaOn

    how can i make a cannon projectile detonate by proximity? I want to make a flak 88

    +1 21 days ago
  • Profile image
    75 Maroon

    @Urocyon (Time = (Wanted time in seconds)) would probably do it.

    Dunno about the actual time of day though

    +1 27 days ago
  • Profile image
    7,564 Urocyon

    Is there a way to make lights activate due to time of day?

    +1 one month ago
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    637 Junkers87

    is there any way to make countermeasure dispensers fire on the fireGuns input?
    if not is there any way to put the guns on the launchCountermeasures input?

    +1 one month ago
  • Profile image
    1,665 onyx63

    Honestly after playing around quite a bit with your "Funky trees" xml scripting language, i find that it adds a lot to the game. It's possible to create things that are much more advanced than ye old days of putting throttle as a rotor's input.

    As FT stands now it's a really useful tool to calculate trajectories or for very simple condition logic. But i think the one thing it lacks is a reliable way to store information. I have been able to overcome this limit by using canons and other weapons as input and memory devices (by reading their ammo count).

    It would be incredible if you could add a method to store a numerical value somewhere. Either that or some way to use the fire command and select a weapon from FT (that would enable the code to lower values by itself, by shooting multiple times).

    That or some kind of sound block would be an amazing add to this game.

    Anyways thanks for reading and for giving us FT :)

    +7 one month ago
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    1,705 Macrophage

    As I know Pi Is Equivalent To 3.14159265359 Or simply 3.14.

    +1 one month ago
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    How do I get the Z(Front and Back) Vector? I wanna make my flying rover very stable during flight, my rover has an x(Anti side Slip) and y(Altitude Hold) vector stabilizers, but I don't have z

    one month ago
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    Dev WNP78

    @onyx63 sadly that's not a thing at the moment. But if you want to model the spooling of an engine you could try using the smooth(Throttle, function with a time that is an estimate for how long the engine takes to spool. Another approach could be to measure the rate of fuel depletion: rate(-Fuel)however this doesn't seem to provide a very precise result since the fuel depletes in very small steps.

    one month ago
  • Profile image
    1,665 onyx63

    Is it possible to get information from a component of the plane? Like in the input of an engine i have a specific smoothing function, and a light that reflect the state of the engine (warmup, on, off).
    Something along the lines of :
    (partID.Input) as the value of the function that's inside the input of the part, here a smoothing function.
    with the value of the input of this part?

    one month ago
  • Profile image
    1,665 onyx63

    WNP78 incredible, a quick response from the dev himself :)
    Thanks for directing me to this doc, it'll come in handy.

    one month ago
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    Dev WNP78

    @onyx63 it's a language I made from scratch. It doesn't really support code like a scripting language, only "single-line" expressions. There is a nice community made guide here if this post isn't enough.

    one month ago
  • Profile image
    1,665 onyx63

    sorry to bother you guys, i'm trying to automate parts of my craft and i was wondering if there was a more complete documentation about scripting in SP?

    Like, how i can setup logic in my input (if that do this)...?

    Edit: what scripting langage is this? Is it something that exists outside of SP or did you make it yourselves? Looks like AS3 but i wanna be sure

    one month ago
  • Profile image
    157 Itzarock

    when i lock on to a target the rotators move to target, but i switch target it goes the away from it. And I realized that the way the cockpit is facing affect where the rotators target. how do I fix this.

    2 months ago
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    So, is there a way to make countermeasures fire as soon as anything gets a lock on you?

    2 months ago
  • Profile image
    2,765 Ash007

    Aaaaaa this is too much for my brain

    2 months ago
  • Profile image
    1,175 Egorka2001

    @Grey1 https://www.simpleplanes.com/Mods/View/524146/Overload

    +1 2 months ago
  • Profile image
    177 Grey1

    @Delightedman oh? How so?

    2 months ago
  • Profile image

    @Grey1 yes it is and its doable using overload

    +1 2 months ago
  • Profile image
    3,081 P1T1KU

    my brain AAAAA

    2 months ago
  • Profile image
    177 Grey1

    Well I have a question, how do I even access it and is it doable in mobile

    2 months ago
  • Profile image
    5,396 Creativit

    Could there please be added a function which can directly tell you a previous value? Something like: time(x, y) which displays the value of "x" y seconds ago? Or if there is already a way to do this someone please tell me.

    2 months ago
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    14.2k Krmo

    @WNP78 Just wondering, but is there a way to get a value for duration (in time);
    e.g.: "Something working for 20s once activated"
    Currently, we have "Time since loaded", but I just cant get anything to work using it.

    2 months ago
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    It's BIG BRAIN time!!! ☝️🧠👆 ==> 🤯

    2 months ago
  • Profile image
    300 oan124

    @JED im also new to this stuff but i think you can work with what you have on this page, because thats basically just math. You can probably start by writing things from this list in various combinations and seeing what works and what doesent. Also, what i do is i download a walker or something like that and then i dissect it.

    2 months ago
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